Obstructive sleep apnea
Our specialists treat a condition known as obstructive sleep apnea. This is a disorder in which breathing is briefly and repeatedly interrupted during sleep. The "apnea" in sleep apnea refers to a breathing pause that lasts at least ten seconds. Obstructive sleep apnea sometimes occurs when the muscles in the back of the throat fail to keep the airway open, despite efforts to breathe. Sleep apnea can cause fragmented sleep and low blood oxygen levels.
Read more about obstructive sleep apnea
Central sleep apnea
We also treat another form of sleep apnea called central sleep apnea, which occurs when the brain fails to properly control breathing during sleep. Central sleep apnea is less common than obstructive sleep apnea.
Chronic snoring is a strong indicator of sleep-disordered breathing and should be evaluated by a sleep specialist.
Hypoventilation occurs when the act of breathing is not working properly. This causes an increased concentration of carbon dioxide. Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a type of hypoventilation our specialists help manage. Our providers are experts at treating types of hypoventilation syndromes. If you suspect your child has hypoventilation please make an appointment immediately.
Our providers treat patients with sleep disorders characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness. Hypersomnia may be the main condition or it may be related to another medical condition.
Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder caused by the brains’ inability to regulate sleep-wake cycles normally. Symptoms include excessive daytime sleepiness, sudden sleep attacks, insomnia, dream-like hallucinations and sleep paralysis. Symptoms usually first develop in adolescence or teen children.
Behavioral insomnia of childhood
Children’s sleep center treats children who have a difficult time falling asleep and staying asleep. This type of insomnia may have a behavioral component as cause. If needed, we have pediatric sleep psychologists and behavioral specialists to help treat the insomnia.
Our providers treat children who have a difficult time falling asleep and staying asleep. This type of insomnia may have a behavioral component as cause. We also work with you to help provide an environment that enhances your child's ability to sleep.
Is anxiety preventing your teen from sleeping?
Learn more by reading our blog
Inadequate sleep hygiene
Inadequate sleep hygiene is a type of insomnia caused by your child’s home and lifestyle habits. It is often remedied by making a few changes to your child’s daily bedtime routine. One of our sleep specialists will help you to analyze your child’s bedtime habits and recommend changes conducive to your child’s sleep.
Our providers treat a condition known as delayed sleep phase syndrome (or circadian rhythm sleep disorder) which affects several areas:
- Timing of sleep
- Peak periods of alertness
- Core body temperature rhythm
- Hormonal and other daily rhythms
The syndrome usually develops in early childhood or the teen years. We see symptoms of children falling asleep some hours after midnight and sometimes having difficulty waking up in the morning.
Read more about teen sleepiness
Our sleep experts treat children and teens who experience sleep disorders that involve abnormal and unnatural movements, behaviors, emotions, perceptions and dreams that occur while falling asleep, sleeping, between sleep stage or during arousal from sleep. We describe several of these conditions below.
We treat children regularly who sleepwalk (also known as somnambulism.) Sleepwalking is defined as a child or teen who walks, sits up in bed or performs complex behaviors while asleep. This condition is more common in children than adults and may be triggered by sleep deprivation, sedative agents, illness and certain medications.
Nightmares and sleep terrors
Our experts treat children and teens who experience nightmares and sleep terrors. These sleep disorders involve dreams with vivid and disturbing content. They are common in children during REM (or deep sleep phase) and usually involve an immediate awakening and good recall of the dream. Sleep terrors are described as extreme nightmares and typically take place during non “deep sleep” phases.
Restless legs syndrome (RLS)
Our providers treat children and teen with restless leg syndrome which is characterized by an overwhelming urge to move the legs when they are at rest at night. The urge to move the legs is usually, but not always, accompanied by unpleasant sensations and can sometimes be temporarily relieved by movement or pressure. Restless legs syndrome runs in families and may have a genetic component.
Periodic limb movement disorder
We also treat patients with periodic limb movement disorder which includes involuntary leg twitching or jerking movements during sleep that occur repeatedly throughout the night and result in disrupted sleep.
Headbanging or body rocking
Our sleep center experts see children with a more extreme form of sleep-related movement disorder which involves physical headbanging and body rocking while asleep. This condition can cause physical injury to your child and requires they sleep in soft surroundings during the early stages of diagnosis and treatment.
Learn more about sleep disorders and healthy sleep practices by reading our blog.
National Sleep Foundation
The National Sleep Foundation is a non-profit foundation with the mission to improve the health and well-being of children and adults through sleep education and advocacy. Additional information and resources can be found on their website.