Viral exanthems (rashes)

Many viral infections of the skin in childhood are called "viral exanthems." Exanthem is another name for a rash or skin eruption. The five most common childhood viral exanthems include the following:

  • Measles or rubeola.
  • Rubella.
  • Varicella (or chickenpox).
  • Fifth disease.
  • Roseola.

Immunizations have lead to a decrease in the number of cases of measles, mumps, and rubella. The above viral exanthems have distinct patterns of rashes which aid in the diagnosis of the virus.

Viral exanthems (rashes) require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview.

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Rubella (German Measles) 
Rubeola (Measles) 
Roseola 
Fifth Disease 
Chickenpox