What is dysthymia?
Dysthymia, also known as dysthymic disorder, is classified as a type of affective disorder (also called mood disorder) that often resembles a less severe, yet more chronic form of major (clinical) depression. However, persons why dysthymia may also experience major depressive episodes at times.
Who is affected by dysthymia?
What are the symptoms of dysthymia?
|For a diagnosis of dysthymia to be made, a depressed or irritable mood must persist for at least one year in children or adolescents and must be accompanied by at least two other major depressive symptoms (noted above). The symptoms of dysthymia may resemble other medical problems or psychiatric conditions. Always consult your adolescent's physician for a diagnosis.|
|How is dysthymia diagnosed?|
|Because depression has shown to often co-exist with other psychiatric disorders, such as substance abuse or anxiety disorders, seeking early diagnosis and treatment is crucial to the recovery of your adolescent.|
|A child psychiatrist or other mental health professional usually diagnoses dysthymia following a comprehensive psychiatric evaluation. An evaluation of the adolescent's family, when possible, in addition to information provided by teachers and care providers may also be helpful in making a diagnosis.|
|Treatment for dysthymia:|
|Specific treatment for dysthymia will be determined by your adolescent's physician based on:|
|Mood disorders, including dysthymic disorder, can often be effectively treated. Treatment should always be based on a comprehensive evaluation of the adolescent and family. Treatment may include one, or more, of the following:|
|Parents play a vital supportive role in any treatment process.|
|Dysthymia is associated with an increased risk for major depression if a child or adolescent does not receive appropriate treatment. Dysthymia also increases the risk for a child or adolescent to develop other mental health disorders. Appropriate treatment helps to reduce the severity of symptoms and the risk for relapse of a depressive episode.|
|Because episodes of dysthymia may last for longer than five years, long-term, continued treatment may help to prevent reoccurrence of the depressive symptoms.|
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