Fire safety and burnsWhat are the different types of burns?
A burn injury usually results from an energy transfer from a heat source to the body. There are many types of burns caused by thermal, radiation, chemical, or electrical contact.
Thermal burns - Burns due to external heat sources which raise the temperature of the skin and tissues and cause tissue cell death or charring. Hot metals, scalding liquids, steam, and flames, when coming in contact with the skin, can cause thermal burns.
Radiation burns - Burns due to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays of the sun, or to other sources of radiation such as x-ray.
Chemical burns - Burns due to strong acids or alkaloids coming into contact with the skin and/or eyes.
Electrical burns - Burns due to a contact with an alternating current, such as open wiring or being struck by lightening.
||Fires and burns are the fourth-leading cause of unintentional injury-related deaths among children ages 14 and under. Fires injure approximately 40,000 children ages 14 and under a year, while an estimated 99,630 children in that same age group were treated at hospitals for thermal and scald burns. Residential fires kill almost 600 children each year. Children under age 4 represent a large portion of children killed or injured by fires and burns - nearly 60 percent of fire deaths and most scald burn deaths. |
The leading cause of residential fire-related death and injury among children ages 9 and younger is child play, when children are left unattended. Most fires started by child play are set with matches or lighters.
However, taking a few precautions in your home can go a long way in keeping your family safe. According to the National Safe Kids Campaign, you can make your home more fire- and burn-proof by taking the following steps:
- Install and maintain your smoke alarms (working smoke alarms can cut the chance of dying in a residential fire in half).
- Install sprinkler systems.
- Develop a fire escape plan with your family.
- Keep and maintain your fire extinguishers.
- Lower the setting on water heater thermostats to 120° F or below to prevent scald burns.
- Install anti-scald devices in water faucets and shower heads.
- Teach fire and burn safety behavior to your children.
Teaching your family about safety and burn prevention could save lives. Listed in the directory below is additional information related to fire safety and burns.
If you cannot find the information in which you are interested, please visit the Safety and Injury Prevention Related Web sites page to view a list of Web sites that may contain additional information on that topic.
Injury Statistics and Incidence Rates
Identifying High-Risk Situations
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